Ratio analysis

Ratio analysis is a tool used by business owners, managers, and financiers to evaluate the effectiveness of their operations. References are calculated by comparing two or more financial data points about the company. These numbers are typically culled from the company’s income and balance sheets.

An internal (within a company) as well as an external comparison can be made using ratio analyses. Trends over time can be identified by comparing current or previous results.

A liquidity ratio (the ability to convert short-term assets into cash) is one of the three most common types of ratio analysis (the ability to pay current debt charges and incur new debt). Debt) and financial success (the productive use of company assets to create value). Liquidity as a percentage of assets.

Assets (cash and accounts receivable) are compared to current liabilities to determine the relative liquidity ratio. The ability of a company to pay its bills on time is one of the six basic calculations used to determine short-term liquidity.

Short-term liquidity is best measured using the relative liquidity ratio.

The following is the math formula:

(cash + accounts receivable) / current liabilities / available and realisable assets

To calculate this ratio, divide the total amount owed by the total amount owed by the business. A company’s relative liquidity ratio should be at least one to one. Increasing available and achievable assets is a priority for any company with a relative liquidity ratio below 1:1. For example, it could increase sales by providing discounts; collect receivables; or ask shareholders to invest more money in the company (possibly with special terms for prepaying).

The overall liquidity ratio.

  • To determine a company’s overall liquidity, the current assets are divided by the current liabilities. Short-term liquidity, or a company’s ability to pay its bills on time, can be calculated in six ways.
  • The general liquidity ratio is a straightforward calculation:
  • Total current assets minus total current liabilities is known as the general liquidity ratio (GLR).
  • Liquidity ratios of 1.70 to 2.0 are the norm for most companies.

In financial analysis, a ratio is a number or percentage. An income statement, a balance sheet, or stock market data can give rise to it by dividing two items. This metric can be used to evaluate a company’s current situation, its evolution, or to compare it to other businesses in the same industry. The profitability, cost structure, liquidity, solvency, financial balance, and even productivity of a company can all be gleaned from the ratio. Divide current liabilities by current assets, for example, to get the general liquidity ratio. It is a useful tool for determining a company’s short-term ability to pay back its debts. The company is solvent if this number is greater than 1.

Ratios can be classified into a number of families. According to their practicality, approximately one hundred financial ratios can be divided into five families:

  • Yield, profitability
  • Margin ratios (based on the income statement) are all examples of structure ratios that can be used to better understand a company.
  • Ratios of financial stability (based on the balance sheet )
  • Debt-to-equity, solvency, and liquidity ratios
  • Ratios of the stock market